Global MOU on ZE-MHDVs – Thematic Deep Dive Series #1: Technology Readiness and Economics

Apr 26, 2022 4:00 pm CET

Under the Global Memorandum of Understanding on Zero-Emission Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles (Global MOU), leading nations are now working collaboratively to enable 100% zero-emission new truck and bus sales by 2040 with an interim goal of 30% zero-emission vehicle sales by 2030. 

To support Global MOU implementation and engage with prospective MOU country signatories, the Netherlands and CALSTART’s Drive to Zero are hosting a series of six invitation-only “thematic deep dive” discussions (view a playlist of all thematic deep dives here). Our goal is to share data, tools and resources, connect countries with leading technology and business experts who can support signatories in advancing their zero-emission medium-and heavy-duty vehicle (ZE-MHDV) ambitions through strong policies, programs, incentives and pilot projects.

Presenters included individuals representing leading edge manufacturer Scania, the United States Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),  the International Transport Forum (ITF), The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), Geotab and more. The first discussion centered on the current and upcoming technology readiness and economics of different ZE-MHDV technologies. We also examined the horizon for ZE-MHDV cost parity with internal combustion engines, regional variation and opportunities for government action. 

Key findings

  • ZE-MHDV technology is ready for most MHDV applications, and it will soon be ready for all truck applications (i.e., we don’t need to wait 10+ years).
  • Cost parity will be achieved by 2030 for the vast majority of truck and bus applications.
  • There are different ZE technology pathways, but real-world data indicate that battery electric technology will attend most applications and have the most promising TCO.
  • We cannot let technology choices delay implementation. While battery electric and hydrogen can coexist in the long term (and the market is the best to decide which technology is best for which application), there are already readily available technologies to meet near-term needs. We need strong policies to provide market certainty and volume.

Watch a replay

Download the presentations

Click the thumbnails below to download the Technology Readiness and Economics of ZE-MHDVs presentations



Time (CET) Activity


  • Global Market Overview and Technology Readiness (CALSTART: Cristiano Façanha, Ph.D.)

Presentations – Technology Readiness and Economics of ZE-MHDVs


Panel Discussion

  • Matteo Craglia, Ph.D., Transport Modeler and Analyst for the International Transport Forum (ITF) at the OECD
  • Auke Hoekstra, Drs., Program Director NEON research at Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Charlotte Argue, Senior Manager, Sustainable Mobility for Geotab




This event is open to Global MOU signatories and by invitation only.