In partnership with the government of the Netherlands, Drive to Zero has launched an ambitious global Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that commits country signatories to achieving 100% zero-emission new truck and bus sales and manufacturing by 2040, with an interim goal of 30% zero-emission new medium- and heavy-duty vehicle (ZE-MHDV) sales by 2030.

This Dashboard highlights and centralizes successful MHDV policy development taking place in leading regions around the world. These policies will further enable best practices to be shared and coordinate aligned action that in turn will speed vehicle uptake and deployment.  The Dashboard also tracks the policy progress being made by all signatories of the Global MoU.

Explore the dashboard with your mouse below!


Finland Germany China Greece Chile India Canada Japan Austria Netherlands New Zealand Norway Denmark Sweden UK EU USA Targets Maximum Limited None Est’d/ Unclear Vehicle Regulations Vehicle Incentives Infrastructure Innovative Policy Targets Country has established targets for ZE-MHDVs that are consistent with the MOU targets (e.g., 30% of sales of new MHDVs being zero emissions by 2030, and 100% by 2040). Vehicle Regulations Country has adopted regulatory sales requirements for ZE-MHDVs nationwide, or Euro VII-equivalent emission standards for MHDVs, or GHG/fuel efficiency/consumption standards for MHDVs with sufficient stringency to accelerate ZE-MHDV sales and meet MOU targets. Vehicle Incentives Country has nationwide and multi-year financial incentives for ZE-MHDVs. Infrastructure Country has nationwide and multi-year investment program for ZE-MHDV infrastructure. Innovative Policy Country has nationwide and multi-year investment program for ZE-MHDV infrastructure. Targets Country has established targets for ZE-MHDVs (but that are less ambitious than the MOU targets), or country has established ambitious transportation emissions targets, or country has established net-zero carbon targets by 2050. Vehicle Regulations Country has adopted regulatory sales requirements for ZE-MHDVs at the regional level, or nationwide GHG/fuel efficiency/consumption standards for MHDVs, or nationwide low-carbon fuel standards. Vehicle Incentives Country has multi-year financial incentives for ZE-MHDVs at the regional level. Infrastructure Country has multi-year investment program for ZE-MHDV infrastructure at the regional level, or a robust national roadmap for ZE-MHDV infrastructure planning and funding. Innovative Policy Country has officially proposed robust and innovative policies for ZE-MHDVs not captured under the other categories, or developed a robust national roadmap for ZE-MHDVs. None Established / Unclear None established or unclear.

Austria

Vehicle Targets

Austria is a signatory of the Global MOU; Austria aims to be carbon neutral by 2040; Austria plans for a 100% phaseout of ICE medium- and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) (< 18 tonnes) by 2030, and a 100% phaseout of ICE MHDVs (> 18 tonnes) by 2035.

Regulations

Austria is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from HDVs 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Austria is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs. Austria has adopted carbon pricing of €30/tonne in 2022, which increases to €55/tonne in 2025.

Incentives

Commercial EV grants for trucks, buses, infrastructure up to 60k euros for commercial heavy-duty EV, up to 24k euros for EV minibus, up to 130k euros for EV bus.

Infrastructure

Austria provides up to 20k euros per charger for commercial EV infrastructure.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Canada

Vehicle Targets

Canada is a signatory of the Global MOU; Canada aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; Canada has set a binding target that only zero-emission passenger cars and light commercial vehicles will be sold in the country from 2035 onward; British Columbia aims to phase out fuel-powered car and trucks by 2040.

Regulations

CO2 vehicle emissions standard is aligned with the US Phase 2 standard, which reduces CO2 emissions by 5-27% in 2027 (depending on vehicle category and weight) compared to 2017 levels.

Incentives

Subsidies for upfront cost of battery-electric buses w/ goal of procuring 4,000 zero-emission public buses. $1.5B with investment starting in 2020; Expanding the current 100% tax write off to include commercial light-duty, medium- and heavy-duty zero-emission vehicles; Specialty Use Vehicle Porgam (SUVI) in British Columbia offering 33% rebates on EV purchases up to a maximum amount of $100k; includes medium and heavy duty vehicles such as buses and transport trucks; Other noteworthy incentive programs exist subregionally in Quebec and British Columbia.

Infrastructure

Canada has an RFP-based incentive program for Level 2, DC fast charging (DCFC), and H2 stations. Available to multi-family, workplace, public sites, fleet, municipalities. 50% of total project costs up to $5,000 per DCFC. RFP accepted 2021-2022. ; Canada also has a multiyear initiative to establish network of DCFCs along national highway. Available to public sites + municipalities. $50,000 per DCFC. Max $5M per project. April 2019 - March 2024

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Chile

Vehicle Targets

Chile is a signatory of the Global MOU; Chile aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; Chile's National Electromobility Strategy aims for 100% zero-emission public transport by 2040.

Regulations

Chilean heavy-duty vehicles adhere either to European or US emission standards, with the Euro V/US 2007 standards currently in place for PM emissions and the Euro IV/US 2004 standards in place for NOx emissions. Euro VI standards were scheduled to be implemented in Chile by September 2020.

Incentives

Information on vehicle incentives are still being researched at this time.

Infrastructure

Chile has established regulations to make the EV infrastructure interoperable, to build a nationwide network of charging equipment that any EV can use.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

China

Vehicle Targets

China aims to be carbon neutral by 2060; China's targets in the New Energy Vehicle (NEV) Technology Roadmap 2.0 for HD-NEV shares include 12% by 2025, 17% by 2030, and 20% by 2035.

Regulations

China regulates heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) fuel consumption, and sets targets for fuel consumption for each weight class. China is currently in Phase III of its multi-phase approach to reducing HDV fuel consumption.

Incentives

"The Chinese government provides has subsidies for battery-electric and fuel cell buses based on kWh capacity. Up to 3,000 RMB/kWh starting in 2018. The Chinese government provides a subsidy for battery-electric and fuel cell new-energy trucks and vocational vehicles up to RMB 50,000 ($7,400) for trucks weighing more than 12 tonnes, and RMB 35,000 ($5,200) for trucks weighting between 3.5 and 12 tonnes"

Infrastructure

Chinese grid operators increasing infrastructure investment: State Grid Corporation of china = 78,000 charging piles (2.7 billion yuan), China Southern Power Grid = 150 large-scale charging stations + 380,000 charging piles (25.1 billion yuan) by 2025

Innovative Policy

China has implemented preferential zone/street access for new-energy vehicles in select cities; Shenzen city leaders committed to fully electrify the entire bus fleet of 16,359 vehicles by 2017.

Finland

Vehicle Targets

Finland is a signatory of the Global MOU; Finland aims to be carbon neutral by 2035; Finland aims to have 45,000 electric vans and 4,600 electric heavy-duty vehicles by 2030.

Regulations

Finland is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Finland is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Finland has a 5% tax reduction on battery-electric vehicle (BEV) purchases; Minimum payment rate (5% ) for CO2 based registration tax; Direct subsidy of 2,000 euros for BEVs <50k euros

Infrastructure

Finland's commercial charging incentive rebate provides up to 35% of total purchase + installation costs for EV charging equipment. Total of 5.5 million euros for 2020-2021

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Germany

Vehicle Targets

"Germany aims to be carbon neutral by 2045; Germany aims for 50% of urban buses to be electric by 2030."

Regulations

Germany is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Germany is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Germany provides funding for e-buses, trucks, + infrastructure for private and municipal operators. Total of 1.2 billion euros, until end of 2021; Fully-electric vehicles registered between 2011 and 2030 have a 10-year exemption to the Country's motor vehicle tax.

Infrastructure

Germany set aside $2.8B for charging infrastructure and battery cell production; All gas stations will be required to have EV charging points.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Greece

Vehicle Targets

Greece aims to be carbon neutral by 2050.

Regulations

Greece is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Greece is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Information on vehicle incentives are still being researched at this time.

Infrastructure

Greece provides a 50% tax depreciation rate for companies installing new charging equipment

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

India

Vehicle Targets

India, through the EV 30@30 Campaign, aims for 30% of global vehicle sales share to be ZEVs by 2030.

Regulations

India is subject to Bharat Stage VI emission standards, which will bring India on par with Euro VI standards.

Incentives

India's FAME II program provides funding for EV buses, four wheelers, three wheelers, and charging infra with the goal of 7,000 BE buses deployed. $1.4B from 2019 onward.

Infrastructure

India's FAME II proposes to provide 1 slow charger per EV bus + 1 fast charger per 10 EV buses. Proposals consistent with the “Charging Infrastructure for EV – Guidelines and Standards” can apply for up to 100% of project cost funding. Subsection of $1.4B total.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Japan

Vehicle Targets

Japan aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; Japan aims for 1,200 fuel cell electric urban buses by 2030.

Regulations

Japan regulates heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) fuel consumption and sets targets for fuel consumption for each weight class. For trucks: 7.09 km/L (369.6 g CO2/km), For buses: 6.30 km/L (416.0 g CO2/km). Japan is also subject to Euro VI-equivalent emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Information on vehicle incentives are still being researched at this time.

Infrastructure

Information on infrastructure planning/funding are still being researched at this time.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

The Netherlands

Vehicle Targets

The Netherlands is a signatory of the Global MOU; The Netherlands aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; The Netherlands aims for 100% of public urban bus sales to be zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) and 3,000 heavy-duty fuel cell electric vehicles by 2025 and 100% ZEV stock by 2030.

Regulations

Netherlands is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Netherlands is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Information on vehicle incentives are still being researched at this time.

Infrastructure

The Netherlands MIA program allows companies to receive an investment deduction up to 36% of amount invested in a charging point. The Netherlands also offers companies the possibility to depreciate 75% of the investment costs of a charging point.

Innovative Policy

The Netherlands will implement zero-emission zones in 30-40 of its largest cities by 2025; Fast charging plaza was built in Rotterdam, with eight parking spaces to support zero-emission parcel transport in and around the Rotterdam city centre to ensure 2025 zero emission goal for government vehicles.

Norway

Vehicle Targets

Norway is a signatory of the Global MOU; Norway enacted a binding law to achieve carbon neutrality by 2045; All new city buses should be zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) or use biogas by 2025; All new heavy vans, 75% of new long-distance buses and 50% of new lorries should be ZEVs by 2030; Distribution of most goods in major city areas should be emission free by 2030.

Regulations

Norway is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from HDVs 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Norway is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

In Norway battery-electric and fuel-cell electric vehicles are exempted from a number of taxes associated with ICE vehicles including the registration tax and the Value Added Tax (VAT); Norway has implemented a reverse incentive, greatly increasing fees per ton of CO2 for motorists and manufacturers making zero-emission vehicles significantly more attractive.

Infrastructure

Norway has 16,000 charging points, which is 9% of the European total, though its population is less than 1% of Europe's & has established fast-charging stations every 50km on all main roads. No further investment information specific to heavy-duty vehiclesfound.

Innovative Policy

Oslo has implemented a low-emission zone in the form of three toll rings around the city, EVs only have to pay 50% of the toll rate; Zero-emission trucks (weight above 3.5 ton) are exempt from paying the toll.

Sweden

Vehicle Targets

Sweden aims to be carbon neutral by 2045; Sweden aims to reduce transportation GHG emissions by 70% by 2030 compared to 2010 levels.

Regulations

Sweden is subject to EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. Sweden is also subject to Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

Sweden has a purchase price incentive for public transport authorities, municipalities, limited companies, and private transport companies, covering 20-40% of incremental cost between diesel and electric buses by 2023; Newly registered light trucks and buses from July 2018 onward with a maximum CO2 emissions rate of 60g/km received a subsidy bonus of up to SEK 60,000 (6K euros).

Infrastructure

Sweden devoted 15 million euros for 2020-2022 to complete a nation-wide fast-charging infrastructure deployment; Efforts are being made to enable public fast charging for heavy-duty EVs; Electric road systems (ERS) for continuous charging are being explored more widely on public roads

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

United Kingdom

Vehicle Targets

The UK is a signatory of the Global MOU; The UK aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; The UK set in law to cut GHG emissions by 78% by 2035 compared to 1990 levels; No new fossil fueled vehicles will be sold after 2040, with sales of smaller diesel trucks proposed to be banned from 2035, and larger ones by 2040.

Regulations

UK will keep harmonizing with EU regulations to reduce GHG emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. UK will also keep harmonizing with Euro VI emission standards for HDVs.

Incentives

UK has subsidies for vans and trucks depending on GVW: small trucks can receive up to £16,000. £582 million total with program extended through 2023.

Infrastructure

Support for public charging installations to 2025, including their Rapid Charge network along strategic corridors. GBP 500 million (USD 640M) through 2025. Working with industry to invest GBP 1.3 billion through 2025 in EV charging equipment.

Innovative Policy

London has a low-emission zone that encourages use of zero-emission commercial vehicles. Vehicles that do not conform to the standard will be charged a fee; Oxfordshire County Council are launching a zero-emissions zone in throughout the city, starting with a pilot launch in 2022 for the city centre; Further innovative policystill being researched at this time.

United States

Vehicle Targets

The United States aims to be carbon neutral by 2050; 15 U.S. states have set targets for 30% ZEV sales for all new medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicles by 2030 and 100% by 2050.

Regulations

The U.S. is subject to U.S. 2010 emission standards (Euro VI-equivalent). For GHGs, the U.S. Phase 2 rule sets emission standards for tractor-trailers, vocational vehicles, and heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans; (California): Low-carbon fuel standard intends to gradually reduce the carbon intensity of the fuel mix used in California through a credit/deficit system; (California): By 2035, zero-emission truck/chassis sales need to be 55% of Class 2b – 3 truck sales, 75% of Class 4 – 8 straight truck sales, and 40% of truck tractor sales.

Incentives

The U.S. has funding for low and no emission buses and the facilities that support them. $182M in 2021 (amounts vary); The U.S. has point of sale voucher funds available in a number of states including California, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Maryland; The U.S. also provides tax credits up to $40k for fuel cell medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.

Infrastructure

The U.S. INFRA Grant Program offers funding for eligible transportation infrastructure projects to support modal shift in freight or passenger movement. Spending $1B in FY2021 for grants to support connected, electric, and AV, modal shift in freight or passenger movement, and installation of zero-emssion vehicle infrastructure. In the U.S. there is also a tax credit up to $30k for fueling equipment for natural gas, propane, liquified H2, electricity, E85, or diesel fuel blends through Dec 31, 2021.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

European Union

Vehicle Targets

The EU aims for all of its countries to be carbon neutral by 2050 and reduce transportation GHG emissions by 55% by 2030; The EU aims for nearly all light-duty and heavy commercial vehicle stock to be zero-emission by 2050;

Regulations

The European Union requires its member countries to comply with Euro VI emission standards which vary depending on vehicle and engine type and limit the amount of permissible air pollutants a vehicle may emit. A binding target of at least a 40% domestic reduction in economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), which reduce CO2 emissions from HDVs by 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs. The EU also allows electric heavy-duty trucks to exceed weight class limits by 2 tonnes

Incentives

Information on vehicle incentives are still being researched at this time.

Infrastructure

Information on infrastructure planning/funding are still being researched at this time.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

Denmark

Vehicle Targets

Denmark is a signatory of the Global MOU; Denmark aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

Regulations

Denmark is subject to EU regulations on CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), which reduce CO2 emissions from HDVs by 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030, compared to a 2020 baseline, as well as a monitoring/reporting requirement for OEMs.

Incentives

In Denmark, taxes on EVs will be eased and electricity tax for charging will be low until and including 2030.

Infrastructure

Information on infrastructure planning/funding are still being researched at this time.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.

New Zealand

Vehicle Targets

New Zealand is a signatory of the Global MOU; New Zealand aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

Regulations

New Zealand Motor Vehicles (GWVR > 3,500kg) are subject to Energy Efficiency (Vehicle Fuel Economy Labeling) Regulations (2007)

Incentives

In New Zealand heavy electric vehicles (GVWR > 3500kg) are exempt from RUC, Road User Charge: where vehicles are charged for the amount of miles traveled, until 31 December 2025

Infrastructure

Information on infrastructure planning/funding are still being researched at this time.

Innovative Policy

Innovative policy still being researched at this time.


Included is a selection of countries that have signed the MoU as well as countries that have a large freight and transportation demand. Additional nations will be added over time. The five key areas that have been identified as the most critical to moving a region towards more rapid decarbonization of MHDV are: government targets, government regulations, vehicle incentives, infrastructure incentives, and broadly, innovative policy.